Environmental and lifestyle factors are increasing the chances of male infertility in the New Delhi, say experts
Apart from genetic and physiological reasons that cause a low sperm count, environmental and lifestyle factors are increasingly contributing to this problem.
The Bourn Hall study identified five main reasons for male infertility:
1) Stress: Chronic stress or prolonged mental illness adversely affects male fertility. Stress interferes with testosterone produced in the testes, a hormone necessary for sperm production.
2) Obesity: Improper lifestyle, unhealthy eating habits and lack of exercise has resulted in the fact that 36 per cent of men in Abu Dhabi and Dubai alone are overweight. Obese men have worse sperm quality as compared to men of healthy weight. Being overweight or obese can also cause hormonal changes that reduce fertility.
3) Smoking: With each cigarette, over 7,000 chemicals are inhaled into the body, many of which are highly toxic. In men, smoking causes significant damage to sperm and leads to an increase in genetic abnormalities. Sperm takes three months to develop which means that the most important time for men to improve their health and quit smoking is in the three months leading up to conception. 91 per cent of the men interviewed, agreed on the negative effects of passive and active smoking on fertility; opinion split over the impact of increasing age.